Teacher-Research, Associate Professor 

Victor J. Friedman.  Associate Professor of Organizational Behavior in the Department of Sociology and Anthropology, the Masters Program in Organizational Development and Consulting, and the Department of Behavioral Sciences, and co-chair of the Action Research Center for Social Justice at the Max Stern Yezreel Valley College, Israel.  

My life's work is helping individuals, organizations, and communities learn, especially under conditions of uncertainty and conflict, through "action science" – theory building, experimentation and critical reflection in everyday life.  
After completing my B.A. in Mediterranean Studies (Brandeis University,1974),  I studied Arab-Jewish relations in Tunisia, learned in a Yeshiva, taught English in Arab highs schools and worked in Arab-Jewish relations in Israel.  Subsequently, I obtained an M.A. in cross-cultural psychology and counseling (Columbia University, 1981) and an Ed.D. in organizational psychology (Harvard University,1986) 

Since returning to Israel in 1987, I have conducted action research in organizational learning, intercultural communication, conflict resolution, social inclusion, and social entrepreneurship.  My current interest is developing an “actionable” theory of social space.  I am co-author of a book entitled Demystifying Organizational Learning, Associate Editor of the Action Research Journal, and Associate Editor of the Encyclopedia of Action Research.

Selected Publications include:
Friedman, V. & Lipshitz, R. (1992). Teaching people to shift cognitive gears:  Overcoming resistance on the road to Model II.  Journal of Applied Behavioral Science, 28(1), 118-137.
Friedman, V. (1997).  Making schools safe for uncertainty: Teams, teaching, and school reform.  Teachers College Record, 99(2), 335-370.
Friedman, V. (2001).  Action Science:  Creating communities of inquiry in communities of practice.   In P. Reason and H. Bradbury (eds.),  The Handbook of Action Research, Thousand Oak, California:  Sage, 159-170.
Friedman, V. (2002).  The individual as agent of organizational learning.  California Management Review, 44(2), 70-89.
Friedman, V., Razer, M. & Sykes, I. (2004). Towards a theory of inclusive practice:  An action science approach.  Action Research, 2(2), 183-205.
Friedman, V. &  Berthoin Antal, A. (2004).  Negotiating reality:  an action science approach to intercultural competence.  Management Learning, 36(1), 67-84.
Friedman, V., Rothman, J. & Withers, B. (2006).  The power of why:  engaging the goal paradox in program evaluation. American Journal of Evaluation, 27:2, 1-18
Arieli, D., Friedman, V. & Agbaria, K. (2009).  The paradox of participation in action research. Action Research, 7(3), 263-290.
Friedman, V.J. (2011).  Revisiting Social Space: Relational Thinking about Organizational Change, in A.B. (Rami) Shani, R.W. Woodman & W.A. Pasmore (eds.) Research in Organizational Change and Development, 19, 233-257.
Arielli, D., Friedman, V. & Hirschfeld, M. (2012) Challenges on the Path to Cultural Safety in Nursing EducationInternational Nursing Review.59, 187-193.
Razer, M., Friedman, V. & Warshofsky, B. (2012).  Schools of agents as social exclusion and inclusion.  International Journal of Inclusive Education, DOI:10.1080/13603116.2012.742145

I serve on the board of the Global Campaign for Middle East Peace and am active in the ATD Fourth World Movement for the eradication of extreme poverty.  I live with my wife in Zichron Jacob, Israel, and have four grown children and two grandchildren.  

Areas of interest

Organizational learning, intercultural communication, conflict resolution, social entrepreneurship, and social exclusion/inclusion - especially in schools.  My current interest is developing an “actionable” theory of social space.